The Savant Syndrome

The Savant Syndrome

The Savant Syndrome

The Savant Syndrome

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The Savant Syndrome

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Ellen Boudreaux

Ellen Boudreaux is a blind autistic savant with exceptional musical abilities. 
She can play music perfectly after hearing it just once, and has a such a huge repertoire of songs in her head that a newspaper reporter once tried to "stump Ellen" by requesting that she played some obscure songs and failed. 
Ellen knew them all.
Ellen has two other savant skills that are unusual. 
First, despite her blindness, she is able to walk around without ever running into things. 
As she walks, Ellen makes little chirping sounds that seems to act like a human sonar.
Ellen has an extremely precise digital clock ticking in her mind. 
To help overcome her fear of the telephone, Ellen's mom coaxed her to listen to the automatic time recording (the "time lady") when she was eight. 
From then on, Ellen knows the exact hour and minute, any time of the day without ever having seen a clock nor have the concept of the passing of time explained to her.
“With a song in her heart, music is her bridge to the world” the heading reads in the Sacramento Bee newspaper on January 18, 2.001 written by Bob Sylva. 
The writer tries to “stump Ellen” with request after request and cannot. 
“By any measure of musical virtuosity and genius, this is a remarkable performance. 
For Ellen, it’s a form of child’s play” the writer concludes.
Ellen is blind, with an astonishing musical ability, superior spatial sense and remarkable memory. 
Her sense rhythm is pervasive. 
She is driven by time as if a digital clock is incessantly running in her head. 
But, of course, she has never seen one. 
At precisely the moment her favorite news program begins she will bound into the room from wherever she is, flip on the TV and the announcer will start the program, as if on clue from Ellen. 
Ellen plays piano, guitar, and now the keyboard and soloist with a Rock and Roll band in her hometown that has become well known in the area. 
Among these multiple instruments and many musical interests she has developed a vast repertoire. 
It is very hard to stump Ellen, as the newspaper writer found out in a flawless recollection by Ellen of a variety of tunes and styles ranging from the Supremes to “Dueling Banjos” (in which she plays both parts) to “Ellen’s tour de force orchestration of ‘Whole Lotta Love’, the Led Zeppelin apassionata in which she replicates, uncannily, every voice, instrument and studio sound effect.”
Ellen is a startling example of the rare yet reoccurring triad of blindness, mental handicap and musical genius.
Ellen was born prematurely in 1.957 and developed the blindness of prematurity (retrolental fibroplasias) following birth. 
Ellen developed slowly. 
When she was 4 months old doctors confirmed what the parents suspected she was blind.
From the very beginning she was aware of large objects, wall, fences and buildings from a distance of 6 feet or more and insisted on going to them and touching them. 
Her father noted that from those early years on she has been able to walk in thick, strange forests without running into trees. 
As Ellen learned to navigate she made a constant little chirping sound, like her own form of personal radar.
At age 4½ psychological testing provided a score of 40 on the Vineland Social Maturity Scale which suggested an estimated IQ, at that time, of between 30-50. 
The family became very determined to find the best educational and vocational opportunities for their daughter and enrolled her in the San Juan Unified School District in Fair Oaks, California. 
Ellen did extremely well in school and has proceeded through a series of steps in the special education program, including now Adult Special Education programming. 
Speech therapy began in 1.983 and progress in language development was impressive as well, with no sacrifice of her artistic skill.
Ellen’s musical skill and memory are prodigious. 
Her interest in music began as early as 6 months of age. At about age 4, 
Ellen surprised her mother by picking out some tunes on a small electronic organ. 
At age 7, a teacher advised her parents to get Ellen a piano. 
They did and the music has poured forth ever since. 
Ellen now constructs complicated chords to accompany melodies she hears on the radio or the stereo. 
She has transposed the orchestra and chorus of Evita to the piano with complex, precise chords. 
She reproduces the crowd and mob sounds with intense dissonances using both hands. 
That rendition is an impressive, and lengthy, performance.
Ellen taught herself guitar by spending countless hours going up and down each string, memorizing the tones that each fingering produced and experimenting with chords. 
She is driven by and enamored of rhythm of any type, form or origin. 
She loves to improvise and after listening to almost any album will begin to play chords with it, improvising very unusual but striking accompaniments. 
She will play what she has heard in one form such as jazz, then in another style, perhaps classical. 
She will transpose rock and roll to a waltz form in three-quarter time. 
She is fascinated with radio and television commercials and will immediately transpose those to the piano as well.

Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti

Cardenal Giuseppe Caspar Mezzofanti (19 September 1.774 – 15 March 1.849) was an Italian cardinal and famed linguist and hyperpolyglot.

Born and educated in Bologna, he completed his theological studies before he had reached the minimum age for ordination as a priest; he was ordained in 1.797.

In the same year, he became professor of Arabic at the University of Bologna.

He later lost the position for refusing to take the oath of allegiance required by the Cisalpine Republic, which governed Bologna at the time.

In 1.803 he was appointed assistant librarian of the Institute of Bologna, and soon afterwards was reinstated as professor of Oriental languages and of Greek.

The chair of Oriental languages was suppressed by the viceroy in 1.808, but again rehabilitated on the restoration of Pope Pius VII in 1.814.

Mezzofanti held this post until he left Bologna to go to Rome in 1.831 as a member of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (Congregatio de Propaganda Fide), the Catholic Church's governing body for missionary activities.

In 1.833, he succeeded Angelo Mai as Custodian in Chief of the Vatican Library, and in 1.838 was made cardinal of the title of St. Onofrio al Gianicolo and director of studies in the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith.

His other diverse interests included ethnology, archaeology, numismatics, and astronomy.

List of languages spoken

Mezzofanti was well known for being a hyperpolyglot who fluently spoke thirty-nine languages.

Also, the study by Russell indicates that many of the dialects are so different that they actually should be seen as a separate language.

Classifying the languages and dialects according to today's language system, over 150 years later, would be a separate study.

The list, in the conclusion of his study :

"Languages frequently tested, and spoken with rare excellence."

Biblical Hebrew
Rabbinical Hebrew
Arabic
Chaldean
Coptic
Ancient Armenian
Modern Armenian
Persian
Turkish
Albanian
Maltese
Ancient Greek
Modern Greek
Latin
Italian
Spanish
Portuguese
French
German
Swedish
Danish
Dutch
English
Illyrian
Russian
Polish
Czechish, or Bohemian
Hungarian
Chinese

"Stated to have been spoken fluently, but hardly sufficiently tested."

Syriac
Ge'ez
Amharic
Hindustani
Gujarati
Basque
Wallachian
Algonquin

Johannes Mallow

Johannes Mallow (left) with Wigald Boning (right) at the opening ceremony for the Year of Science in Magdeburg 2.006.

Johannes Mallow (born June 7, 1.981 Brandenburg an der Havel) is a German memory sportsman. 

He studies Communication Technology at the Otto-von-Guericke University of Magdeburg. 

Besides he is working as a mind trainer for highly gifted children and also at the Folk High School in Magdeburg.

Victories

2013 Memory Champion of Germany
2012 World Memory Champion
2012 Memory Champion of Germany
2011 runner-up at Memory Championship of Germany
2010 runner-up at World Memory Championships
2010 Memory Champion of Germany
2009 runner-up at World Memory Championships
2008 Memory Champion of Germany
2008 Memory Champion of North Germany
2007 World Memory Champion in the discipline of Historical Dates
2007 Memory Champion of North Germany
2006 Memory Champion of North Germany

World records

Memorize 492 abstract images in 15 minutes (July 27, 2.013 in Isny_im_Allgäu/Germany at the German Memory Championship 2.013).

Memorize 912 numbers in 15 minutes (March 23, 2.013 in Rom/Italy at the Italian Memory Open Championship 2.013).

Memorize 132 Historical Dates out of 140 in 5 minutes (September 25, 2.011 in Gothenburg/Sweden at the Swedish Memory Open Championship 2.011).

Memory System

He is using the Method of loci. 

Many memory sportsmen use this method. 

His particular instance of the message uses 1000 images with corresponding numbers, so that each combination of 3 digits corresponds to a unique image.

Antonio Magliabecchi

Antonio Magliabecchi was a famous librarian, scholar and librarian born in Florence in 1.633.

Son of Marco Magliabecchi, and Ginevra Baldorietta Bourgeois.

Although Magliabecchi was apprentice goldsmith and worked it until his fourteenth year, Michele Ermini, librarian of Cardinal de 'Medici, recognized his talent and taught him latin, greek and hebrew.

In 1.673 he became librarian of Cosimo III de 'Medici. Magliabecchi became the central figure in the literary life of Florence, and scholars from many countries wanted to meet and correspond with him.

Although its important position given enough recognition, is remembered more for their personal abilities, and their great ability to memorize all what he reads.

He has been described as a literary glutton, and more rational librarian maniac since read each and every one of the books that fell into their hands.

His personal library contained about 40,000 books and 10,000 manuscripts.

His house was literally overwhelmed by books, the stairs were full of them, and even reached the front porch.

Have been told many stories about his amazing memory, which was "like wax to receive and marble to save".

One of the best known of these stories says when asked Cosimo extremely rare book, he replied: "Sir, there is only one copy of that book in the world, is in the library of the Great Lord in Constantinople, and is the tenth first book of the second shelf to the right as you enter. "

In worldly matters, Magliabecchi was extremely confused. 

Even forgot to claim his salary for a year. 

He wore his clothes until he fell because he thought it was a waste of time to change clothes every night: "Life is so short, and there are so many books."

He welcomed all scholars who asked, provided they do not disturb you while working.

I had a special craze for the Jesuits.

One day a man told the Palazzo Riccardi and said: "Here came the new birth of learning", and then, turning to the college of the Jesuits: "there came to bury him."

It was a wild looking man, very careless with himself.

He refused to be expected, and rarely off his clothes to go to bed.

Your dinner is usually based on three boiled eggs and a little water.

Had a small peephole in his door, he could see all those who came to him, and if he did not want his company, the rejected.

It is said that never in his life he left Florence to go more than Pratz, where he accompanied the Cardinal Norris to see a manuscript.

He died at age 81 (in 1.714) in the monastery of Santa Maria Novella.

He donated his books to the Grand Duke to be used as a public library, and his fortune was donated to the poor.

In 1.861, King Victor Emmanuel joined his collection, known as private Magliabechiana the Grand Duchy, forming the National Library.

Harry Lorayne

Harry Lorayne (born 1.926) is an American magician and a memory-training specialist and writer who was called "The Yoda of Memory Training" by Time magazine. 

He is well known for his mnemonic demonstrations and has appeared on numerous television shows including The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. 

His book The Memory Book was a New York Times bestseller. 

His card magic, especially his innovations in card sleights, is widely emulated by amateur and professional magicians.

Life and career

He grew up in New York's Lower East Side and he learned sleight of hand at the Hamilton Fish Park in the 1.930s. 

At age 18, he began to perform as a table magician at Billy Reed's Little Club at 70 E. 55th St. in New York. 

The actor Victor Jory, noted for his role as a magician detective, was a regular visitor to the club. 

Lorayne started performing memory tricks for Jory and Jory's enthusiastic response changed Lorayne's approach to performing.
He began appearing on national television in 1.963 (after hosting a local show of his own in 1.951, The Prof. Magic Show), first on I've Got a Secret, where he demonstrated his ability to remember everybody's name in the audience.

Later appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show and numerous other television shows including Jack Paar, The Merv Griffin Show, The Mike Douglas Show, The Regis Philbin Show, Good Morning America, The Today Show, That's Incredible, David Susskind. 

He was a regular performer (23 times) on The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson.

To demonstrate his memory, Harry Lorayne would stand beside the president of the club he was visiting and be introduced to each member. 

The number of members of a club could reach up to 1,500. 

After an hour and a half, Lorayne would speak about memory for about 20 minutes and then ask if anyone had a question. 

He promised that he would pay any questioner whose name he could not remember a thousand dollars. He always remembered the names of every member of the audience.

Lorayne also made news by memorizing and recalling information from phone books with no errors. 

On just about every public appearance demonstrating his memory abilities, he would meet all the people in the audience, then he would open his show by asking all the people he met to please stand. 

He'd ask them to sit down as, and if, he pointed to each person and said his or her name. 

He sat down everyone in the audience. He had a memory school in New York employing such instructors as Darwin Ortiz. 

His video course (Memory Power) was used as part of the training of many top corporations.

Harry Lorayne is a prolific author of memory training books intended for the public, as well as writing books for professional magicians. 

His ''The Memory Book'' has sold over two million copies, whilst in Chronicles: Volume One, Bob Dylan writes that he read Lorayne's book shortly before breaking through as a music star after finding it in the book collection of a friend.

For twenty years, Lorayne wrote and published the monthly magazine Apocalypse. 

He is also a columnist for Genii (magazine).

Publications :


How To Develop a Super Power Memory (1957)
Harry Lorayne's Secrets of Mind Power (1961)
Close-Up Card Magic (1962)
Personal Secrets (1964)
The Harry Lorayne Memory Isometrics Course (1968)
My Favorite Card Tricks (1965)
Dingle's Deceptions (1966)
Miracle Math (1966)
Best of Bill-fooled (1967)
Deck-Sterity (1967)
Reputation-Makers (1971)
Tarbell #7 (1972)
The Great Divide (1972)
Good Memory - Good Student! A Guide to Remembering What To Learn (1972)
Rim Shots (1973)
Afterthoughts (1975)
The Memory Book: The Classic Guide to Improving Your Memory at Work, at School, and at Play (1974)
The Epitome Location (1976)
Remembering People (The Key To Success) (1976)
The Magic Book (1977)
The Card Classics of Ken Krenzel (1978)
Quantum Leaps (1979)
Best of Friends, Vol. 1 (1982)
Memory Makes Money (1985)
Best of Friends, Vol. 2 (1985)
Star Quality (1987)
Super Memory, Super Student: How to Raise Your Grades in 30 Days (1990)
Trend Setters (1990)
Doug Edwards Packs A Wallop (1997)
Complete Guide To Memory Mastery (1998)
The Himber Wallet Book (1998)
Personal Collection (2001)
How to get Rich Using the power of your mind (2003)
The Classic Collection, Volume 1 (contains Close-Up Card Magic, Personal Secrets, My Favorite Card Tricks, Deck-Sterity, The Epitome Location) (2005)
Ageless Memory: Simple Secrets for Keeping Your Brain Young (2007)
Best of Friends, Vol. 3 (2007)
The Classic Collection, Volume 2 (containing Reputation-Makers, Rim Shots, Afterthoughts) (2008)
The Classic Collection, Volume 3 (contains Quantum Leaps, Trend Setters, Dingle's Deceptions, The Great Divide) (2010)
Special Effects (2011)
The Classic Collection, Volume 4 (containing The Magic Book, Star Quality, The Card Classics of Ken Krenzel) (2012)

Columns : 

Apocalypse Magazine - 1978-1997
Genii Magazine

Alexander Craig Aitken

Born : 1 April 1.895 in Dunedin, New Zealand

Died : 3 Nov 1.967 in Edinburgh, Scotland

Alec Aitken's family on his father's side were from Scotland, and on his mother's side were from England. 

Alec's mother, Elizabeth Towers, emigrated with her family to New Zealand from Wolverhampton, England, when she was eight years old. 

Alexander Aitken, Alec's grandfather on his father's side, had emigrated from Lanarkshire in Scotland to Otago in New Zealand in 1.868, and began farming near Dunedin. 

Alec's father, William Aitken, was one of his fourteen children and William began his working life on his father's farm. 

However he gave this up and became a grocer in Dunedin. 

William and Elizabeth had seven children, Alec being the eldest.

He attended the Otago Boys' High School in Dunedin, where he was head boy in 1.-912, winning a scholarship to Otago University which he entered in 1.913. 

Surprisingly, although he had amazed his school friends and teachers with his incredible memory, he had shown no special mathematical abilities at school. 

He began to study languages and mathematics at university with the intention of becoming a school teacher but his university career was interrupted by World War I.

In 1.915 he enlisted in the New Zealand Expeditionary Force and served in Gallipoli, Egypt, and France, being wounded at the battle of the Somme. 

His war experiences were to haunt him for the rest of his life. 

After three months in hospital in Chelsea, London, he was sent back to New Zealand in 1.917. 

The following year he returned to his university studies, graduating in 1.920 with First Class Honours in French and Latin but only Second Class Honours in mathematics in which he had no proper instruction. In the year he graduated, 

Aitken married Mary Winifred Betts who was a botany lecturer at Otago University. 

They had two children, a girl and a boy.

Aitken followed his original intention and became a school teacher at his old school Otago Boys' High School. 

His mathematical genius bubbled under the surface and, encouraged by R J T Bell the new professor of mathematics at Otago University, Aitken came to Scotland in 1.923 and studied for a Ph.D. at Edinburgh under Whittaker. 

Aitken's wife, Mary, had continued to lecture at Otago up to the time they left for Edinburgh. 

His doctoral studies progressed extremely well as he studied an actuarially motivated problem of fitting a curve to data which was subject to statistical error. 

Rather remarkably, his Ph.D. thesis was considered so outstanding that he was awarded a D.Sc. for it in 1926. Even before the award of the degree, 

Aitken was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1.925.

He was appointed to Edinburgh University in 1.925 where he spent the rest of his life. 

After holding lecturing posts in actuarial mathematics, then in statistics, then mathematical economics, he became a Reader in statistics in 1.936, the year he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society. 

Ten years later he was appointed to Whittaker's chair.

Aitken had an incredible memory (he knew π to 2000 places) and could instantly multiply, divide and take roots of large numbers. He describes his own mental processes in the article.

Although some may suggest this has little to do with mathematical ability, Aitken himself wrote:-

Familiarity with numbers acquired by innate faculty sharpened by assiduous practice does give insight into the profounder theorems of algebra and analysis.

Aitken's mathematical work was in statistics, numerical analysis, and algebra. In numerical analysis he introduced the idea of accelerating the convergence of a numerical method. 

He also introduced a method of progressive linear interpolation. In algebra he made contributions to the theory of determinants. He also saw clearly how invariant theory fitted into the theory of groups but wrote that he had never followed through his ideas because of:-

... various circumstances of anxiety, or duty, or bad health ... I have observed my talented younger contemporary Dudley Littlewood's assault and capture most of this terrain.

Aitken wrote several books, one of the most famous being 

The theory of canonical matrices (1.932) which was written jointly with Turnbull. With Rutherford he was editor of a series of the University Mathematical Texts and he himself wrote for the series Determinants and matrices (1.939) and Statistical Mathematics (1.939). 

In 1.962 he published an article very dear to his heart, namely The case against decimalisation.

In describing his period of recovery from a small operation in 1.934 Aitken writes:-

The nights were bad, in the daytime colleagues and other friends visited me, and I tried to think about abstract things, such as the theory of probability and the theory of groups and I did begin to see more deeply into these rather abstruse disciplines. 

Indeed I date a change in my interests and an increase in competence, from these weeks of enforced physical inactivity.

Also  Aitken describes the reaction of other mathematicians to his work:-

... the papers on numerical analysis, statistical mathematics and the theory of the symmetric group continued to write themselves in steady succession, with other small notes on odds and ends. 

Those that I valued most, the algebraic ones, seemed to attract hardly any notice, others, which I regarded as mere application of the highly compressed and powerful notation and algebra of matrices to standard problems in statistics or computation found great publicity in America...

Colin M Campbell, now a colleague of the authors of this archive at the University of St Andrews, was a student in Edinburgh in the early 1.960's. 

He writes :Professor Aitken's first year mathematics lectures were rather unusual. 

The fifty minutes were composed of forty minutes of clear mathematics, five minutes of jokes and stories and five minutes of 'tricks'. 

For the latter Professor Aitken would ask for members of the class to give him numbers for which he would then write down the reciprocal, the square root, the cube root or other appropriate expression. 

From the five minutes of 'stories' one also recalls as part of his lectures on probability a rather stern warning about the evils and foolishness of gambling!

In fact Aitken's memory proved a major problem for him throughout his life. For most people memories fade in time which is particularly fortunate for the unpleasant things which happen. 

However for Aitken memories did not fade and, for example, his horrific memories of the battle of the Somme lived with him as real as the day he lived them. 

He wrote of them in near the end of his life. 

These memories must have contributed, or perhaps were the entire cause, of the recurrent ill health he suffered.

These black periods must have been harrowing in the extreme, but were borne with great fortitude and courage.

The illness eventually led to his death. 

The book which he wrote to try to put the memories of the Somme behind him, may not have had the desired effect but the book led to Aitken being elected to the Royal Society of Literature in 1.964.

Finally we should mention Aitken's love of music. 

He played the violin and composed music to a very high standard and a professional musician said :Aitken is the most accomplished amateur musician I have ever known.

Leanne Rowe

Woman acquired a french accent after a hit on the head

Leanne Rowe, an Australian woman who suffered eight years ago in a traffic accident, began speaking english with a slight french accent after recovering from injuries sustained in the back and head.

As explained by Dr. Robert Newton, a woman, born on the island of Tasmania (South Australia), developed what is known as 'foreign accent syndrome', the second known in the country and the number 62 on speaking countries English in the last 70 years.

"Rowe studied French in school, but never been to France and do not have French friends," said one of the doctors who knows her from childhood.

"I had an Australian accent normal" he added.

His daughter Kate, meanwhile, says that now it is she who speaks publicly about his mother.

According to experts, this syndrome, first described in 1907, is listed as a side effect of a brain injury that affects the part that controls speech and manifests itself in a distortion of the joint planning and coordination processes.

Dr Newton says in the last 70 years there have been 62 cases recorded worldwide. 

He says Ms Rowe is one of two Australians with the syndrome. 

"She had a normal, if you like, Australian accent for the whole time I knew her before that," he said. "

She'd done French at school but she'd never been to France, didn't have any French friends at all. "

She turned up after having a nasty head injury eight years ago speaking with a French accent 

I couldn't believe my ears." 

She says it occurs when tissue in the speech area of the brain is damaged. 

She says it is not actually a French accent, it just sounds like it to the listener. "

It's just an accident of chance that happens to that person that what happens to their speech happens to overlap with the features of a known accent," she says.

Jacob Barnett


Jacob Barnett was diagnosed with severe autism with just two years and experts said they might never read or tie their shoes.

At 14, the young Barnett pursuing a Ph.D. in quantum physics.

The brilliant mind of this child prodigy Indiana, United States, nearly lost in a disease that often parents do not know how to cope.

Since I was diagnosed, Jacob Barnett, Jake, for friends, did not speak again.

They were long hours spent at home surrounded Jacob special education experts that guided him in a sort of endless therapy exercises strict, focused on developing its most basic skills to remove the child from what is believed to be a disease that mark lifetime.

"When Jacob spoke again, it was in four languages," said her mother, Kristine Barnett in an interview with the Bbc.

Then, Barnett had already realized the special talent of his son.

Since childhood, has Kristine Barnett, "memorized every street in the cities where we travel and then recreated the flat on the floor of our house with sticks."

"Jacob memorized every street in the cities where we travel and then recreated the flat on the floor of our house with sticks"

Recite the alphabet run from beginning to end-including the Z to mathematical patterns or draw on the ground with a rope were the most common exercises for Jacob Barnett, who trained in the silence of autism.

Once surpassed the speech at age 4, Jacob began an outstanding learning that would take him to college with just 11 years.

A year later he received a salary as quantum physics researcher helped students of the University in his work as "assistant professor".

Now, at 14 years, this student of Indiana University is completing a PhD in quantum physics "by the hand of his guardian" as specific to the Bbc young.

The mother of the child prodigy, Kristine Barnett, picks up his story in a book that the difficulties and spectacular discoveries that has passed since his son was diagnosed with mild autism, almost severe.

The news was devastating for the family.

As told Bbc Breakfast TV, initially struggled to find the right education for Jacob.

After dealing with therapists daily, Kristine Barnett decided to take the education of their child and prepare to go to school with other children: they had forgotten to provide a childhood as that of others.

"Why we have worked to 'fix' Jacob?

Increasingly more locked himself in books huddled in the corners of the house and was not playing with friends, "said the mother.

The secret to help you shine was to focus on the positive aspects of Jacob and allow the child to do what he did best: fill the floor and walls of mathematical models.

"Only by surrounding kids love and what they like to be able to make the best of them"

Jacob knew what he was doing. "For me, those employers had much sense."

His mother was the first to realize the rough diamond that had at home.

"We went out one day to see the stars. We lay on the roof of the car, listening to jazz, and had a fabulous time mother and son. 

Months later, we went to a local planetarium and Jacob raised his hand to answer all the questions a teacher made to a group of students.

They were complex physical concepts that a child of three years and a half does not understand, "he said.

"The problem posed in that class was trivial," he said as he laughed nervously.

At the age of 8 years, the obsession with the universe had invaded to the point that she started going to classes at the university.

He sat in the last row, in silence, but I could not avoid answering all the teacher's questions. No failed one.

For Kristine Barnett, who knew how to handle the extraordinary mind of Jacob and cope with their disease, all children "have a special gift."

The best, he says, is knowing surround them "muchness" which she attributed to a lot of things the boy or girl worship music, art ...

Jacob is a child who has Asperger's syndrome at an early age.

It is self-taught. By their own learned geometry, trigonometry, algebra and calculus in just two weeks.

They also that their 8 year old decided to leave school to take advanced astrophysics classes at the University.

Moreover, his parents say Jacob I can not sleep at night, as it goes for hours thinking about the theory of relativity, looking to achieve his own theory.

"Only then can get the better of them."

Jacob Barnett has an intеlеctual coefficient of 170, edging past century genius Albert Einstein, who also has also worked on correcting, because he has developed earlier even their alternative theory of relativity.

In this bold assertion, his madrе, not knowing if you were writing his numbers and formulas hijο meaningless or had some truth, decided to contact the Institute of avanzadοs, near Princeton univеrsidad ... The answer was surprising.

Scott Tremaine, a renowned Canadian astrophysicist and professor at the same Institute for Advanced Study School of Sciences natυral replied surprised the mother about the cοmυnication of Jacob and stating that "the theory that is working jovеn contains some of the problems and more difficult concepts of theoretical physics and astrophysics aсtual ".

We do not know if the theory goes buеn wrong way or will eventually be, but that a 12 years old kid to be able to understand these concepts and move with comοdidad between mathematical formulas that sea is simply exciting.

Jacob Barnett has already become a phenomenon on YouTube intеrnеt and anyone can even find him giving a lesson in advanced mathematics.

Everywhere they risk even to compare with Einstein, however, seeing your formulas and integral writing in crystals of windows, memоry comes to the figure of John Nash, the first actor of "A marvelous mind".

Experts say that Jacob Barnett, who wants to dedicate his life to physics, has an IQ higher than Albert Einstein and point out a possible future winner of the Nobel Prize for his original theory on astrophysics, he developed at age 12, an age in which the interests of a young are always out of the classroom.

Rüdiger Gamm


Rüdiger Gamm (born July 10, 1.971) is a German "mental calculator". 

He attained the ability to mentally evaluate large arithmetic expressions at the age of 21. 

He can also speak backwards, and calculate calendars. 

Featured on the Discovery Channel program the Real Superhumans, he was examined by Allan Snyder, an expert on savants, who concluded that Gamm's ability was not a result of savant syndrome but connected to genetics.

In terms of mental calculations, Rüdiger's most notable talent is the ability to memorise large powers. 

In the 2.008 Mental Calculation World Cup in Leipzig, he recited 81100, which took approximately 2 minutes and 30 seconds. 

In the tournament itself, he performed strongly, finishing in 5th position overall.

They say we only use 10% of our brain. 

They may be right. 

If only we can figure out the strategies to tap into these mental capabilities. 

But even if you don’t figure it out, at least know that you are more extraordinary than you think you are. 

Rudiger, who regularly failed his math at school, has learnt at age of 21 how to activate the other 80 per cent of his brain, making him a modern day genius.

Also known as the Human Calculator, Rudiger Gamm was known in his school as being the worst one in math. 

As a matter of fact, Rudiger has failed his school six times because of his math. 

However, at age of 21, Rudiger discovered his mental abilities in memorizing and calculating the most complex mathematical problems. 

Soon, he became very demanded amongst scientist to study the anomalies of his brain. 

It didn’t take too long before he went to the biggest show in Europe (Wetten Dass), where he won the highest voting ever in the history of the show. 

In 2.006 Rudiger was part of the international documentation “Voyage Into The Brain”. 

In 2.007 he was documented in a Discovery Channel programme “Real Super Humans”. 

Rudiger published a book “Train Your Brain” in 2.008, and now for over 10 years works as a mental trainer for managers, sportsmen and schools.

Elisabeth Sulser


In Zurich, there’s a woman with incredible sensory powers. 

When Elisabeth Sulser hears music, she can see it and taste it too

She is a synesthete. 

In the course of a 2.004 and 2.005 neuro psychological research project at the University of Zurich, in which she participated as a test subject.

Elisabeth Sulser was identified as having an uncommon form of synesthesia, a story which went through the international media.

Elisabeth Sulser is one of the “protagonists“. 

She tells of her life as a synesthete, meets with other synesthetes in England and is interviewed in the role of a test person by researchers at Oxford University.

Ralf Isau is an author and fantasist. In his new book about synesthesia, Die Dunklen, he has given Elisabeth Sulser's talent that of “seeing” musical tones to his main character.

What is synesthesia?

Synesthesia is a phenomenon whereby the direct or sympathetic excitation of a single sense organ simultaneously produces not one, but multiple sensations. 

In music : colour synesthesia, for example, one of the more common forms, aural sensations such as tones or words also produce visual perceptions. 

Similarly, visual stimuli may produce secondary auditory sensations, or sounds may actually be “felt”. 

Famous synesthetes

Numerous artists and musicians have been identified as possessing synesthetic abilities, including Alexander Scriabin, Frank Zappa, Paul Klee and Wassily Kandinsky.

What form does Elisabeth Sulser’s synesthesia take?

When Elisabeth Sulser hears music or even individual tones, she finds that what she is hearing is projected onto a “screen” in her head. 
The result is a constantly changing, kaleidoscopic painting. 

Colours change with the tempo, and the forms reflect musical figures: C – red, D – yellow, E – brown, F – green, G – dark blue, A – light blue, B – grey, C sharp – pink, D sharp – maroon, F sharp – violet, G sharp – turquoise, B flat – gold.

For Elisabeth Sulser intervals have a taste : that is, she perceives tones separated by less than an octave as a taste on her tongue. 

A minor second “tastes” sour; a minor third, salty; a major third, sweet; and a fifth like a glass of water. 

A minor sixth tastes like whipping cream, a major sixth like half-and-half; a minor seventh is bitter, similar to a major second; and a major seventh is sour, like a minor second.

Eşref Armağan


Born in 1.953 in İstanbul, Turkey
Work field : painting

Eşref Armağan is a blind painter of Turkish origin. 

Born without sight to an impoverished family, he taught himself to write and print. 

He has painted using oil paints for roughly thirty-five years.

Using a braille stylus to etch the outline of his drawing, Armağan requires total silence to create art. 

Oil paint is then applied with his fingers and left to dry fully before a new color is applied. 

This unique method is used so that colors do not smudge. 

The art pieces themselves are created without help from any individual. 

He is also able to create art that has visual perspective.

In 2.008 two researchers from Harvard, Dr. Amir Amedi and Dr. Alvaro Pascual-Leone, tried to find more about neural plasticity using Mr. Armagan as a study case.

Both scientists had evidence that in cases of blindness, the "visual" cortex acts differently than how it acts with the non-blind. 

Pascual-Leone has found that Braille readers use this very same area for touch. 

Amedi, together (with Ehud Zohary) at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, found that the area is also activated in verbal memory tasks. 

When Amedi analyzed the results, however, he found that Armagan's visual cortex lit up during the drawing task, but hardly at all for verbal recall, meaning that some unused visual areas might be used in collaboration with ones needs from the brain. 

Moreover in scans that were held while Armagan drew, his visual cortex signals seemed as he was seeing to the extent that a naive viewer of his scan might assume Armagan really could see.

Mr. Armagan is married with two children. 

He has displayed his work at more than 20 exhibitions in Turkey, Italy, China, the Netherlands and the Czech Republic. 

He has appeared several times on television and in the press in Turkey and has been on programs on BBC and ZD. 

In 2.004, he was the subject of a study of human perception, conducted by the psychologist John Kennedy of University of Toronto.

In 2.009 Armağan was invited by Volvo, to paint the new model S60. 

As it was not meant for a TV-commercial, more of a community "PR-trick", Volvo made a series of documentaries, posted on Volvo's Facebook page, where Armağan paints the S60, as well as single parts, wished by community.

The painting was for sale on Ebay, and sold for US $3,050. 

The Canadian non-profit charity organization World Blind Union (WBU) was the benefactor of the auction.